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Tabel F

Unduh halaman lainnya : df 10 - 20     df 22 - ∞

Distribusi F pertama kali dipublikasikan tahun 1912 (Pearson, 1938). Simbol huruf F sebagai penghormatan atas penemunya Fisher. Mengabadikan temuannya distribusi F biasanya disebut F Distribusi.

Membaca Tabel F

Nilai probability tabel F terletak pada perpotongan kolom (degree of freedom (k)) dengan baris (degree of freedom (n-k)).
Sebagai contoh, nilai F tabel dengan level of signifikan 5% dan derajat bebas k = 3 dan n-k = 9 adalah 3,86.

Pengecualian

Terdapat beberapa pengecualian membaca tabel F apabila nilai df (n-k) tidak tercantum dalam tabel, maka pembacaan tabel t sebagai berikut :
  1. Jika df > 200 ≅ df = ∞
  2. Diambil nilai df yang memberikan nilai F paling besar (Graveter, 2009 : 265
    Misal nilai F untuk dfk = 3 dan dfn-k = 56 pada α 5%

    Dalam tabel distribusi F, diketahui df=56 terletak antara :
    df = 40 : 2.84
    df = 60 : 2.76
    Karena df=43 lebih dekat ke df=40 maka nilai F (3, 43) pada α 5% ≅ 2,84
  3. Jika tidak tercantum nilai df pada tabel maka dfn diambil yang memberikan nilai F paling besar
    Misal nilai F untuk dfk = 3 dan dfn-k = 43 pada α 5%

    Dalam tabel distribusi F, diketahui df=43 terletak antara :
    df = 40 : 2.84
    df = 60 : 2.76
    Karena df=43 lebih dekat ke df=40 maka nilai F (3, 43) pada α 5% ≅ 2,84
  4. Pendekatan yang lebih akurat dengan menggunakan metode interpolasi.
    Pelajari lebih lengkap (klik) polarisasi

Uji multikolinearitas

Multikolinearitas pada sebuah model menggambarkan terjadinya saling mempengaruhi antar variabel bebas. Sebuah model yang fit ditunjukkan dengan pengaruh variabel bebas hanya terhadap variabel tak bebas Y.

Metode pengujian multikolinearitas

Banyak metode untuk menguji Multikolinearitas, salah satunya adalah uji VIF.
Pada aplikasi eViews hanya mengklik View pada output regresi.

Dengan SPSS langkahnya sebagai berikut :
  1. Lakukan regresi seperti biasa
  2. Pilih option Statistics
  3. Pada popup window pilih Collinearity diagnostics.
Video tutorial Instagram akun MikroStat

Kriteria bebas multikolinearitas

  • Korelasi (r) semua variabel bebas Xi < R2, atau
  • VIF semua variabel bebas Xi < 10
Figure 1. Contoh output uji multikolinearitas dengan aplikasi eViews. Figure 2. Contoh output uji multikolinearitas dengan aplikasi SPSS. Figure 3. Contoh output uji multikolinearitas dengan kriteria korelasi r.

Nilai yang harus diperhatikan pada angka-angka yang dilingkari merah (jika VIF < 10 berarti bebas gejala multikolinearitas). Beberapa literatur ada yang memilih dengan kriteria korelasi r (Figure 3) dengan ketentuan nilai r < 70% (Gujarti, 2009) atau r < R2.

nVivo

Nvivo merupakan aplikasi untuk analisis kualitatif.

Interpolasi

Tidak semua nilai critical value tercantum dalam tabel statistik. Untuk mengetahui nilai critical value pada df (degree of freedom) yang ditentukan dapat dicari dengan penaksiran nilai pada df terdekat. Tehnik ini dikenal dengan istilah interpolasi (Mulyono, 2009) atau polarisasi (Yamane, 1967).

Sebenarnya interpolasi adalah suatu metode untuk menentukan data yang hilang. Gujarati (2009) memperkenalkan perhitungan interpolasi untuk memprediksi sebuah titik data pada time series (Bab 21). Dengan demikian, interpolasi didefinisikan sebagai teknik untuk mendapatkan fungsi (taksiran suatu titik) yang melewati semua titik dari sebuah set data diskrit (Lamabelawa, 2018).

Formulasi interpolasi

Formulasi interpolasi didasarkan pada interpolasi linier (Lamabelawa, 2018) yang dikembangkan Abbott (dalam Mulyono, 2009) dengan perubahan notasi syntax untuk memudahkan aplikasi dalam pencarian nilai critical value tertentu.

Keterangan:
Vn:Nilai critical value yang dicari
Vn-1:Nilai critical value pada df sebelumnya
Vn+1 : Nilai critical value pada df sesudahnya
dfn : Nilai df untuk critical value yang dicari
dfn-1: Nilai df sebelumnya
dfn+1:Nilai df sesudahnya

Ilustrasi interpolasi

Critical value untuk df=34 dengan α 5% pada tabel t dalam Gujarati (2009 : 879 Appendix D) tidak tercantum. Figure 1. Penggalan tabel t

Dengan interpolasi linier dapat dicari besarnya nilai t untuk df=34 dengan α 5%. Dari hasil perhitungan diperoleh nilai t pada df=34 dengan α adalah 1,692.
Untuk perbandingan, jika dihitung menggunakan Excel dengan fungsi =t.inv(5%,34) diperoleh nilai 1,691.

Menghitung interpolasi

Untuk mencari critical value, klik di sini.
Aplikasi Google Spreadsheet harus sudah terinstal di Android.

The First Difference Method

Introduction

Since ρ lies between 0 and ± 1, one could start from two extreme positions. At one extreme, one could assume that ρ = 0, that is, no (first-order) serial correlation, and at the other extreme we could let ρ = ± 1, that is, perfect positive or negative correlation. As a matter of fact, when a regression is run, one generally assumes that there is no autocorrelation and then lets the Durbin–Watson or other test show whether this assumption is justified.
If, however, ρ = + 1, the generalized difference equation reduces to the first difference equation (Gujarati, 2013 : 443):
Yt − Yt−1 = β2(Xt − Xt−1) + (ut − ut−1)

Tabel d

Tabel Statistik d

Membaca Tabel d

Nilai probability tabel d terletak pada perpotongan kolom (level of significant) dengan baris (degree of freedom (df)).
Sebagai contoh, nilai d tabel dengan level of signifikan 5% dan derajat bebas (df) = 12 adalah 1,782.

Pengecualian

Terdapat beberapa pengecualian membaca tabel d dalam hal (Gujarati, 2013):
  1. Jika df > 100 ≅ df = ∞ df=100
  2. Jika tidak tercantum nilai df pada tabel maka dfn ≅ dfn-1
    Misal nilai d untuk df = 43 adalah ekuivalen dengan df = 40.

Polarisasi

Tehnik polarisasi digunakan untuk mencari nilai d pada df yang tidak tercantum dalam tabel d. Tehnik polarisasi didekati dengan rumus berikut (Fisher, 1934) :

dengan besarnya pengali k adalah :


Contoh : Nilai t pada df 34 dengan level of significant 5%

Diketahui :
df=34
tn-1=0,697
tn+1=0,684
dfn-1=30
dfn+1=40

Jawab:
k = (40 - 30) (0,697 - 0,684)
k = 0,0052
tdf=34 = 0,697 - 0,0052 ( 34 - 30 )
tdf=34 = 0,6918

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Pustaka & backup

Mengapa dibackup

  • File yang pernah diajukan direkomendasikan untuk tidak dihapus
  • Dalam beberapa kasus seringkali dosen meminta untuk kembali ke draft sebelumnya
  • Kadang tidak sengaja menghapus file

Cara penggunaan

Klik dan buka file _Pustaka & Bakcup.pdf pada folder terhubung.

Backup File(s)

Mengakses file yang pernah diajukan dan telah direvisi.

Direct Access

Langsung mengakses folder Alna tanpa menunggu sinkronisasi. Apabila menerima notifikasi Alna bahwa file(s) telah diupdate akan tetapi belum terlihat di device client maka untuk membacanya dapat mengklik icon ini.
Feature ini digunakan jika jaringan mengalami kendala. Client hanya dapat membaca dan mendownload.

Roadmap Penelitian

Gambaran model penelitiian secara singkat, dengan menyertakan referensi yang mendukung.

Pustaka

Berisi referensi, jurnal, buku dan pustaka lainnya yang terkait dengan penelitian.

Aktivasi Office

Konsep

Aktivasi adalah suatu istilah hukum yang merujuk pada legalisasi penggunaan software tertentu. Istilah ini pertama kali diperkenalkan untuk produk MicroSoft mulai Windows 7 dan Office 2010. Untuk melakukan aktivasi tentunya harus mempunyai kode lisensi yang disertakan pada saat pembelian produk software.

Aktivasi

Aktivasi sebenarnya

eViews

EViews merupakan software analisis regresi, dan aplikasi peramalan pada komputer berbasis Windows. EViews dapat digunakan untuk analisis dan evaluasi data ilmiah, analisis keuangan, ekonomi makro peramalan, simulasi, peramalan penjualan, dan analisis biaya. Pertama kali dirilis pada tahun 1981 sebagai pengembangan aplikasi MicroTSP pada mainframne . Meskipun EViews dikembangkan oleh para ekonom dan sebagian besar kegunaannya adalah dalam bidang ekonomi, tetapi dalam source programnya dapat diterapkan pada disiplin ilmu lainya.

Mengunduh aplikasi

  1. Klik tulisan Unduh di kolom Action
  2. pada tabel release eViews
    Jika tertulis Rp. ???k berarti versi berbayar. Link download akan diberikan Admin via WA/email setelah pembayaran.
  3. Masukkan Decryption Key pada bilah input (1)
    Kode tersebut dapat dilihat dalam comment di bawah posting foto Decryption Key eViews pada akun instagram MikroStat.
  4. Klik Decrypt (2)

Tabel release eViews

Release/versiAction
eViews 11 for Windows x64 Release 17 Sep 2019 Unduh
eViews 11 for Windows x32 Release 17 Sep 2019 Unduh
eViews 10 Enterprice Edition x32 Patch Sep 3, 2019 Unduh
eViews 10 Enterprice Edition x32 Patch_July 7, 2017 Unduh
eViews 10 Enterprice Edition x32 Installer Unduh
eViews 10 Enterprice Edition x64 Patch Sep 3, 2019 Unduh
eViews 10 Enterprice Edition x64 Installer Unduh
EViews 10 University Edition Unduh
eViews 10 Student Version Patch 2019 Unduh
eViews 9.5 Student Version Unduh
EViews 9.5 (Revision June 7, 2017) Update Only x64 Unduh
eViews 9 for Windows x64 Patch Oct 1, 2018 Unduh
eViews 9 for Windows x64 Setup WinRar Unduh
eViews 9 for Windows x64 Setup Unduh
EViews 9.5 (Revision June 7, 2017) Update Only x86 Unduh
eViews 9 for Windows x32 Patch Oct 1, 2018 Unduh
eViews 9 for Windows x32 Setup Unduh
eViews 9 Portable for Windows Unduh
eViews 8 Patch Sep 8, 2015 for Windows x64 Unduh
eViews 8 Patch Sep 8, 2015 for Windows x32 Unduh
eViews 8 Installer for Windows Unduh
eViews 8 Student Version for Windows Unduh
eViews 7 Update Oct 17, 2013 for Windows Unduh
eViews 7 Patch Oct 17, 2013 for Windows Unduh
eViews 7 Installer for Windows Unduh
eViews 7 Portable for Windows Unduh
eViews 6 for Windows Update July 27, 2009 Unduh
eViews 6 for Windows Unduh

Instalasi eViews

Panduan instalisasi eViews dijelaskan pada file _aosHeula.txt yang disertakan pada setiap release.

Software aplikasi lainnya

Serial statistics untuk ilmu sosial.
Pada release terbaru sudah tersedia fitur analisis ilmu-ilmu eksakta
Amos digunakan untuk analisis model struktural

dropBox

dropBox icon

Konsep

dropBox merupakan cloud storage yang mensinkronkan file(s)/folder secara real time multi plafon antar berbagai device, tanpa email atau flashdisk. Manajemen file dilakukan seperti umumnya pada explorer Windows.

Mengapa dropBox

Beberapa cloud space tersedia di internet seperti googleDrive, OneDrive, Mega dan lain-lain. DropBox dipilih karena dapat berjalan mudah dan ringan pada berbagai plafon OS. Namun demikian bagi pengguna Android lebih disarankan memakai Drive.

Akun dropBox

Memanfaatkan kemudahan berbagi file harus mempunyai akun dropBox, jika belum punya klik Daftar.
Jika sudah memiliki akun dropBox, cukup beritahu kami akun dropBox Anda untuk terhubung dengan folder di server kami.

Folder terhubung

Folder terhubung adalah folder yang mengijinkan akun lain untuk mengakses.
Sebagai misal di dalam folder dropBox terdapat folder Risetku (lihat ilustrasi di atas). Di dalam folder tersebut terdapat anak folder Olah data, Proposal, Referensi. Jika hanya folder Olah data yang akan dibagikan dengan akun lain, maka folder Proposal dan Referensi tidak akan muncul di akun yang disinkronkan.

Sinkronisasi folder

  • Lakukan manajemen file pada folder yang terhubung seperti copy file, merubah nama file, bahkan menghapus file.
  • atau, simpan file untuk mengupdate.
Selama proses sinkronisasi membutuhkan koneksi internet. Durasi update file tergantung kecepatan internet dan ukuran file. Konflik terjadi apabila melakukan update sebuah file yang sedang dibuka oleh akun terhubung lain dalam waktu yang bersamaan.

Gagal sinkronisasi

  • Proses upload terputus
  • Kuota space penuh (pengguna reguler hanya 2 GB)
  • offline
Sebagian besar kasus gagal sinkron karena offline pemilik akun lupa mengaktifkan jaringan internet. Perlu dicamkan bahwa selama proses updating memerlukan akses internet. Jika sudah sinkron, tidak lagi memerlukan internet.

Mengunggah file

  • Via browser, tidak memerlukan aplikasi maupun instalasi dropBox
  • Jika terinstal di desktop, copy paste pada folder terhubung
  • Jika memasang aplikasi di hp/tablet, via menu upload

Upload via browser

Upload file via browser Unggah file tidak memerlukan aplikasi dropBox.